Nepal is a country of the Himalayas and is a home to the highest mountain range in the world. Eight of the fourteen eight-thousanders are located in the country, either in whole or shared across a border with China or India. Mount Everest- the highest mountain in the world, also lies here. Because of its brilliant topography, Nepal has become a popular destination for trekking. There are many different locations, regions and settings in the country that provide excellent trekking experiences. trekking in Nepal is quite a marvelous experience because of the country’s unique showcase of traditions, cultures and religions. Incorporated beautifully with the natural excellence of the environment, trekking in Nepal is a perfect holiday and vacation idea. Here are the top ten best treks in Nepal.
10. Makalu Base Camp Trek
Makalu is the fifth highest mountain in the world at 8,485 meters. Located in the Mahalangur Himalayas 19 km (12 mi) southeast of Mount Everest, on the border between Nepal and China, Makalu is one of the eight-thousanders. Mount Makalu is an isolated peak whose shape is a four-sided pyramid.
Makalu also has two notable subsidiary peaks- Kangchungtse, also known as the Makalu II (7,678 m) and the Chomo Lonzo (7,804m). Makalu II lies about 3 km north-northwest of the main summit. The Makalu Base Camp Trek has trails adorned with views of Mount Makalu and other surrounding peaks like Mount Everest, the Lhotse Peak and Mount Baruntse. It is an off-the-beaten trekking trail because of its isolation, and usually sees lees trekkers than other trekking routes.
The Makalu Base Camp Trek offers a god trekking in Nepal experience. It encompasses the Makalu Barun valley. The valley is a Himalayan glacier valley situated at the base of the Makalu Peak in the Sankhuwasabha district of Nepal. This valley lies entirely inside the Makalu Barun National Park.
Barun Valley consists of stunning contrasts- high waterfalls cascade into deep gorges, craggy rocks rise from lush green forests, and colorful flowers bloom beneath white snowy peaks. This unique landscape shelters some of the last pristine mountain ecosystems on Earth. Rare species of animals and plants flourish in diverse climates and habitats, relatively undisturbed by human kind.
9. Kanchenjunga Trek
Mount Kangchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world, and lies partly in Nepal and partly in Sikkim, India. It rises with an elevation of 8,586 m in a section of the Himalayas called Kangchenjunga Himal that is limited in the west by the Tamur River, in the north by the Lhonak Chu and Jongsang La, and in the east by the Teesta River. Lying125 km east-south-east of Mount Everest, it is the second highest mountain of the Himalayas. Three of the five peaks – Main, Central and South – are on the border between North Sikkim and Nepal. Two peaks lie in Nepal’s Taplejung District. Kanchenjunga is called “Five Treasures of Snow” after its five high peaks, and has always been worshipped by the people of Darjeeling and Sikkim. The local Lhopo people believe that the treasures of the mountain are hidden and they will reveal themselves to the devout when the world is in peril. The treasures comprise salt, gold, turquoise and precious stones, sacred scriptures, invincible armor or ammunition, grain and medicine. The Peak is also believed to be an abode of the omnipotent goddess Yuma Sammang. Four glaciers radiate from the Kanchenjunga Peak. The Kanchenjunga Trek has trails that go through many ethnic villages and offers stunning views of many mountain peaks. Trekking in Nepal on the Kanchenjunga Trek is a wholesome affair.
8. Langtang Valley Trek
Langtang is a region in the Himalayas of Nepal that lies north of the Kathmandu Valley and borders Tibet. The Langtang National Park is located in the area. The park contains a wide variety of climatic zones ranging from subtropical to alpine. The animal life of the park includes Himalayan black bears, the goat-like Himalayan tahrs, rhesus monkeys and red pandas. The Langtang Valley Trek takes trekkers to the holy Gosainkunda lakes. They are sacred lakes pertaining to Hindus. Pilgrimages are made there in August. Another spiritual site is the Buddhist monastery- the Kyanjin Gompa. The Langtang Valley Trek bestows beautiful sights of peaks like the Langtang Lirung, the Langtang RI, Dorje Lakpa and the Yala Peak among many others. Langtang is also renowned for its cheese factory. Trekking in Nepal along the Langtang Valley makes for a beautiful holiday.
7. Gokyo Lake Trek
The Gokyo Lakes are oligotrophic lakes in Nepal’s Sagarmatha National Park. They are located at an altitude of 4,700–5,000 meters above sea level. These lakes are the world’s highest freshwater lake system comprising six main lakes. Among them all, the Thonak Lake is the largest. Gokyo Cho, also called Dudh Pokhari, is the main lake with an area of 106 acres. The village of Gokyo lies on its eastern shore. Gyazumpa Cho is 72 acres in size, followed by Tanjung Cho with an area of 41.9 acres, and Ngojumba Cho with an area of 35.6 acres. The Gokyo Lakes are considered sacred by both Hindus and Buddhists. About 500 Hindus take a holy bath in the lakes during the Janai Purnima festival, which usually occurs in the month of August. The site is worshipped as the residing place of the Snake God; a temple of the Hindu deities Lords Vishnu and Shiva is also situated at the western corner of the lake. The belief that birds and wildlife in the area should not be harmed has traditionally protected its fauna. The Gokyo Lake Trek is among the most popular tourist destinations leading towards the Everest Base Camp and other areas. Gokyo village at 4,790 meters of elevation is a major centre in the area. A Gokyo Lake Trek often includes climbing the Gokyo RI as well. Trekking in Nepal via the Gokyo Lake route adds more natural beauty to the regular classic Everest Base Camp Trek.
6. Annapurna Panorama Trek
The Annapurna Panorama Trek is an easy trekking experiences that presents stunning views of the Annapurna massif. The trails of the Annapurna Panorama Trek offers a wide view of the Annapurna Mountains. It is also quite a beautiful trek to undergo. The trail includes visits to one of the most famous vantage points in the country- Poon Hill. Reaching there includes excursions to various ethnic villages like Ghorepani. The village lies within the Annapurna Conservation Area (ACA) and contains a number of guest-houses that provide lodging and meals to mountain trekkers, many of whom spend the night before a pre-dawn trek to Poon Hill to watch the sunrise. The place used to be a rest stop where ancient traders found water (pani in Nepali) for their horses (ghora in Nepali) thus leading to the nomenclature of Ghorepani. The sight of the rising sun from amidst the Annapurna Mountains is a sight to truly behold. The slow change of tincture of the ivory mountains from cerulean to a cascade of molten gold and burning ember is something that is utterly indescribably beautiful. Trekking in Nepal to the Annapurna region is one of the most beautiful experiences of one’s life.
5. Annapurna Circuit Trek
At number 5 is the Annapurna Circuit Trek. The trek rises to an altitude of 5,416 meters on the Thorung La pass, touching the edge of the Tibetan plateau. This trek crosses two different river valleys and encircles the Annapurna massif, crossing Thorung La, the highest pass on this trek. The mountain scenery, seen at close quarters includes the Annapurna Massif (Annapurna I-IV), Dhaulagiri, Machhapuchhre, Manaslu, Gangapurna, Tilicho Peak, Pisang Peak, and Paungda Danda. Numerous other peaks of 6000-8000 meters in elevation rise from the Annapurna range. The trek begins at Besisahar or Bhulbhule in the Marshyangdi River Valley and share this website concludes in the Kali Gandaki Gorge. The trail of the Annapurna Circuit Trek passes along paddy fields and into subtropical forests, several waterfalls and gigantic cliffs, and various villages. Annapurna Circuit has often been voted as the best long distance trek in the world. Its combination of, in its old full form, wide variety of climate zones from tropics to the arctic at the Thorong La pass and cultural variety from Hindu villages at the low foothills to the Tibetan culture of Manang Valley and lower Mustang makes it a culturally and naturally rich trekking in Nepal experience.
4. Manaslu Circuit Trek
Manaslu is the eighth highest mountain in the world with an elevation of 8,163 meters above sea level. Located in the Mansiri Himal, Manaslu is part of the Nepalese Himalayas, in the west-central part of Nepal. The name of the peak, which means “the Mountain of the Spirits”, comes from the Sanskrit word manasa, which means “intellect” or “soul”. Manaslu is the highest peak in the Gorkha District and is located about 64 km east of Annapurna. The mountain’s long ridges and valley glaciers offer feasible approaches from all directions, and culminate in a peak that towers steeply above its surrounding landscape. The trekking trail of the Manaslu Circuit follows an ancient salt-trading route along the Burhi Gandak River. En route, 10 peaks over 6,500 meters are visible, including a few over 7,000 meters. The highest point reached along the trek route is the Larkya La at an elevation of 5,106 meters. The Manaslu Conservation Area also comprises the trek. It has been established with the primary objective of achieving conservation and sustainable management of the delimited area, which includes Manaslu. Manaslu is often serrated as a “wall of snow and ice hanging in the sky”. Manaslu Himal, as it is popularly known among trekkers, provides views of the snow-covered mountains of the Himalayas and allows close interaction with different ethnic groups who live in hill villages scattered along the trek route. Trekking in Nepal on the trails of the Manaslu region is a mesmerizing ordeal.
3. Upper Mustang Trek
Mustang, formerly the Kingdom of Lo, is a remote and isolated region of the Nepalese Himalayas. The Upper Mustang was a restricted demilitarized area until 1992 which makes it one of the most preserved regions in the world, with a majority of the population still speaking traditional Tibetan languages. Tibetan culture has been preserved by the relative isolation of the region from the outside world.
The Upper Mustang comprise the northern two-thirds of Mustang District. The southern third of the district is called Thak and is the homeland of the Thakali people, who speak the Thakali language. Their culture combines Tibetan and Nepalese elements. Life in Mustang revolves around tourism, animal husbandry and trade. Mustang’s status as a kingdom ended in 2008 when its suzerain Kingdom of Nepal became a republic. Hydrographic feature of Mustang consists of the Gandaki River. The river runs southward towards Nepal Terai, bisecting Mustang. Routes paralleling the river once served as a major trade route between Tibet and India, especially for salt. Traditional Mustang (the Lo Kingdom) is 2,750 meters above sea level on the Kali Gandaki River just north of Kagbeni and the Khamjung Himal. In 2007, a shepherd in Mustang discovered a collection of 55 cave paintings depicting the life of the Buddha.
Foreign visitors have been allowed to the region since 1992, but tourism check here to Upper Mustang is regulated. Foreigners need to obtain a special permit to enter. Upper Mustang also offers a different terrain from the rest of the trekking destination in Nepal. Because of its perseverance of the ancient untarnished Buddhist culture, isolation and an amethyst terra formation, trekking in Nepal in Upper Mustang presents an entirely different and new trekking experiences that is not found anywhere else on the planet.
2. Annapurna Base Camp Trek
Annapurna is a massif in the Himalayas in north-central Nepal that includes one peak over 8,000 meters, thirteen peaks over 7,000 meters, and sixteen more over 6,000 meters. The massif is 55 kilometers long, and is bounded by the Kali Gandaki Gorge on the west, the Marshyangdi River on the north and east, and by Pokhara Valley on the south. At the western end, the massif encloses a high basin called the Annapurna Sanctuary. Annapurna I Main is the tenth highest mountain in the world at 8,091 meters. The Annapurna Base Camp Trek on the Annapurna region is one of the most beautiful trekking destination on Earth.
The entire massif and surrounding area are protected within the Annapurna Conservation Area, the first and largest conservation area in Nepal.
“Annapurna” is a Sanskrit name that literally means “full of food”. It is translated as “Goddess of the Harvests”. According to religious texts, Annapoorna Devi is “the universal and timeless kitchen-goddess, the mother who feeds. Without her there is starvation, a universal fear”.
The Annapurna Base Camp Trek starts from the Lake-side city of Pokhara. The Annapurna Range with three of the ten highest mountains in the world — Dhaulagiri, Annapurna I and Manaslu are within 15 to 35 miles of the Pokhara valley. Pokhara is also the second largest city in Nepal after Kathmandu, and is often referred to as the tourism capital of the country. Trekking in Nepal in the Annapurna region bestows best adventure and leisure activities along with the best views of the mountains and destinations that are fascinating to visit.
1. The Everest Base Camp Trek
Mount Everest, also known in Nepal as Sagarm膩th膩, is Earth’s highest mountain. Its peak is 8,848 meters and it lies along the Mahalangur Himalayan Range. Its massif includes neighboring peaks of Lhotse (8,516 m); Nuptse (7,855m) and Changtse (7,580m). Mount Everest attracts many climbers, some of them highly experienced mountaineers. First ascend on the peak of the mountain by Tenzing Norgay Sherpa and Sir Edmund Hillary in 1953, the Everest Base Camp Trek is one of the most popular trekking experience around the world. Because of its appeal to reach the base camp of the world’s tallest peak, the Everest Base Camp trek sees lots of trekkers along its beautiful trails. Incorporating destinations like the renowned Namche Bazaar, the Summer Valley of Dingboche, villages of Pheriche and Lobuche- the Everest Base Camp Trek presents lovely trekking share this site experience that has the inclusion of both culture and natural pulchritude. With views of peaks like the Kusum Kangraru, Nuptse, Lhotse and Ama Dablam among many others, the Everest Base Camp Trek presents one of the most mesmerizing trekking trails that is definitely unprecedented.
With sights of the Khumbu Glacier and the Khumbu Icefall, the Everest Base Camp Trek bestows natural sights and wonderful Himalayan acreages into its caliber. Encompassing the Sagarmatha National Park along the trekking trails, the Everest Base Camp Trek is brimming with the best and most beautiful natural surroundings and landscapes that comprise of rugged terrains, lush woodlands and ethnic villages. The sights of the mountains, the ivory peaks and the ebullient Himals of the Khumbu region is as close to an arctic paradise as one can get. Trekking in Nepal along the famous Everest Base Camp Trek is something that definitely should not be missed while visiting the country!